May 2016

A Horrible Incident in Yemen
A Horrible Incident in Yemen

A Horrible Incident in Yemen

Although the Syrian refugee crisis has been in the forefront, there are many other countries that have their own refugee situation. Some experts believe that Yemen is the next refugee crisis, as there are currently about 2.4 million people who have been displaced because of the war. The greatest percentage of these refugees are Somali. Although the government of Yemen was unified in 1990, the civil war over the last few years has increased displacement because of the weakened economy and political instability.

The Loss of Four Catholic Nuns

For 24 years, the Missionaries of Charity in Aden, Yemen, has taken care of the elderly. Religion and faith were never considered when the nuns of the convent took in the poor and disabled at the nursing home where they had between 60 to 80 residents. The charity was a branch of the one founded by Mother Teresa of Calcutta. The nuns came from other countries, leaving behind all they knew to serve those in distress. On March 4, gunmen attacked the convent and killed four nuns. A priest from Kerala, India, disappeared during the attack. Diplomatic efforts are underway to negotiate his release, but no information is available as of this writing.

None of the residents were killed, but 12 other volunteers also died in the attack. One of the nuns who was killed was from India, while two came from Rwanda, and the fourth was from Kenya. As of this writing, no group has claimed responsibility for the slaughter. These deaths are just a small percentage of the lives that have been claimed over the past year in the Yemeni civil war.

The nuns were aware of the violent situation and given the opportunity to leave. The Bishop who spoke with the nuns believes that it wasn’t heroism that made them stay, but their commitment and dedication to their work. These nuns held the belief that the people they served were entrusted into their care. Some believe the nuns will be remembered as martyrs for their faith.

Standing Against Oppression

On March 4, the same date of the Yemen attack, The Catholic Universe published an article written by Bishop Declan Lang, the chair of the UK-based Catholic Bishops’ Conference Department of International Affairs. In it, he writes, “The persecution of atheists is a grave violation of human dignity throughout the world.” He holds that this oppression violates basic human rights and it “represents a degradation of the fundamental principle that people should be free to hold their own beliefs without fearing for their life or liberty.”

Many times throughout history, one minority group has been oppressed only to have others follow the same fate in future generations. Lang called for the Catholic Church in England and Wales to take a stand and speak out when atheists are persecuted. Although the Catholic Church has had its own PR issues throughout the years, it does deserve a great deal of credit for standing up for atheists.

In the wake of losing four dedicated nuns, the Catholic Church certainly needs solidarity to take a stand against oppression based on religious or non-religious beliefs. While Al-Qaeda had denied responsibility for the attack in Yemen, there is a great deal of unrest from Islamic extremists who stand against anyone with different beliefs. The nuns who died didn’t care about the faith of those they ministered to. They, like many others, were no threat to Islam community, but were killed. Other Catholic churches in Aden have been vandalized and sabotaged.

It may be that one person can’t change those halfway around the globe. However, you can promote peace in your corner of the world. Know what’s happening in other countries to understand how blessed you are to be safe.

Spring Celebrations Around the World
Spring Time Celebrations

Spring Time Celebrations

If you’re ready for asparagus, morels and fresh spring lettuce, you’re not alone. It has a been a long winter. Shubenacadie Sam and Wiarton Willie, famous weather forecasters from Groundhog Day, were no help in deciding whether winter would continue or not in the north, splitting the vote. Punxsutawney Phil sides with Sam in predicting an early spring. March 21 marks the spring equinox, and it’s hoped that the flowers will be in bloom soon after. Even if they aren’t, find a celebration of spring and enjoy this time of renewal.

Thailand Water Festival

In Thailand, in mid-April, come for the Songkran Water festival. It’s a huge public water fight held in honor of the new year. The water represents the cleansing of negative influences. It might be summer in the southern hemisphere, but you can still think of it being spring. Come for the festival and hope that the flowers will be in full bloom when you return.

Japan Shunbun no Hi

The spring equinox is a national holiday in Japan. They actually celebrate three days before and three days after, but the actual day when the equinox occurs is a day to honor nature and show affection for living things. Part of the Japanese tradition of Shunbun no Hi is to visit their ancestral graves and clean them up. People leave flowers and incense on the graves, then go visit with other family members as part of their spring festivity. They also clean their home and start new activities to renew their life. Farmers pray for luck for the upcoming growing season.

Granny March

In Bulgaria, Granny March or Baba Marta marks the arrival of spring. Legend says that the final snow of winter is just when Baba Marta is in the midst of spring cleaning and is shaking out her feather bed. Beginning on March 1, people give martenitsi, a red and white figure which can almost resemble a tassel, to wear until the first signs of spring appear. Once the trees begin to bloom, the martenitsis are tied to the branches in honor of the season.

The Washington D.C. Cherry Blossom Festival

If you can’t wait until May for Tulip festival in Ottawa, take a trip south to Washington D.C. for the National Cherry Blossom Festival. It begins March 20 and runs through April 17 in the capital of the United States. Much like the tulips are a sign of friendship between Canada and the Netherlands, the cherry blossoms celebrate the ties of the U.S. to Japan. It’s spring and the flowers are in bloom. What better reason could you need for a break from all the snow?

Hindu Holi Celebration

In Southeast Asia, the festival of Holi is also called the Festival of Colors. Legends tell two different tales of why the tradition of throwing powdered pigments at each other got started, but the main idea is that good conquers evil. In one story, Holika attempted to burn her nephew, Prahlad in a bonfire, but he was saved by Lord Vishnu in a strange turn of events. In remembrance, Hindus light bonfires and celebrate Prahlad’s victory. Much of festival is fun, but it also has spiritual significance. It’s a time to renew friendships and forgive those who have hurt you in the past year.

Celebrate Renewal

It doesn’t matter when the first buds of spring occur, it’s just a given that the season will change and the earth will come alive. Enjoy the festivals of spring and remember that you’re given new opportunities to make your life all you want. Take time this year to think about the changes you need to make to make your dreams come true.

Funeral Etiquette and Traditions
Proper Funeral Etiquette.

Proper Funeral Etiquette.

One of the most solemn occasions most people ever have to attend is a funeral or memorial service. It can be hard to know what to do or say when someone dies. In today’s world, it is even more common to have friends and colleagues who are from different faiths. Here is some general information about funeral etiquette.

Sending Cards, Flowers, and Food

The sympathy card industry is booming, but Emily Post would tell you that it is considered proper etiquette to actually write a note of condolence. It demonstrates you took the time to really think about what you wanted to say. It doesn’t have to be long, but a personal story about the deceased can tell the family how important that person was to you. In any culture, a sympathy note is always appreciated.

Flowers are another traditional offering for funerals, but there are religions which prefer not to have cut flowers. A Jewish family prefers that you give a gift to charity instead of sending flowers. Many people today are having eco-friendly funerals, in which cut flowers are not preferred, but maybe a plant which can continue to thrive would be welcome. The funeral home or memorial service should have information about the family’s preferences.

It’s also considered appropriate to have a family meal following the service. In most churches, synagogues, and mosques, members prepare food for the family to help them in the first days of grief. If you’re unsure about the family’s preferences, you may choose to send them a gift card for food delivery for an evening when they need it most. Meals that can be frozen are helpful, because the family can take them out as needed.

Attending the Funeral or Memorial Service

You might be wondering what is the difference between a funeral or memorial service? At a funeral, the body of the deceased will be present. A memorial service is one where the body is not, such as a cremation. It’s common to wear dark, muted clothes. A funeral is an important occasion, dress as you might for a religious ceremony or business dinner.

Be on time for the service. Funeral venues may have specific parking instructions when you arrive to help with the procession to the graveside. When you enter the location, you should be quiet. Turn off your cell phone or leave it in your car. The seats toward the front of the venue are generally reserved for family and close friends.

This is not the place to talk to the family. Generally, the family will be in a private room before the service, to come in right before it starts. The service will not begin until the family is seated. You will most likely be given a program to follow the flow of the memorial.

Following the service, there is generally a recessional. The pallbearers take the coffin to the hearse, which will take the body to the gravesite. If you are going to the interment, follow the instructions at the venue. As you exit, there may be a family member who is thanking those in attendance. Keep any remarks brief, to keep the flow going.

Be Authentic and Sincere

When someone dies, it is sad. They will be missed. Sometimes, all you have to do is let the surviving family know that you care. Phrases like, “I’m so sorry for your loss,” or “I’m here to help,” can be comforting. When Jews are in their mourning period known as shiva, visitors actually don’t say anything until the family breaks the silence. Just your presence is enough. You don’t have to fix their sadness, just let them know that you understand. Everyone gets tongue-tied and feels inadequate during a time of grief. Be respectful and solemn, even when you are unsure of what to do.

New Guidelines in Alberta for the LGBTQ Community Moving Forward

ThinkstockPhotos-470428983Alberta has been working toward making its schools safer for all students, especially for students in the LGBTQ community. When you consider that more than two-thirds of the LGBTQ students don’t feel safe in the schools, it’s about time that the government implemented guidelines that give all kids respect, no matter where they go to school. Bill 10: An Act to Amend the Alberta Bill of Rights to Protect our Children was passed in March 2015 to protect all students, but mostly the LGBTQ community.

Parents Have Questions

The Calgary Sexual Health Centre (CSHC) launched a website to help parents, students, and educators get answers to legitimate questions. It’s located at www.UnderstandingTheGuidelines.ca. This resource helps dispel myths and misconceptions about LGBTQ students. One of the most common misconceptions seems to be that boys will just decide that they want to be a girl to use the girls’ facility. Being a transgendered student goes far deeper than simply using the facilities.

The guidelines are not to give students a pass to behave disrespectfully but are to help all students feel safe and supported while they are at school. It’s more than just providing safe access to facilities; it’s about keeping records that maintain a student’s privacy. Using the correct terminology when referring to a person’s gender identity is another important aspect that cannot be overlooked.

Opponents to the Bill

The publicly funded Catholic schools have maintained that they should not have to comply with the guidelines, with Calgary Catholic Bishop Fred Henry being the most prominent opponent. However, a 2015 survey found that Catholics are very supportive of the policy. There was concern that the Alberta legislature would not pass the bill that protected the rights of all children, but in the end, only two MLAs who are members of the PC party opposed it. The majority supported the bill, but that doesn’t indicate that things will change overnight for these students.

Show Your Support for Equal Rights

Even though the bill passed last year, in March 2015, it’s important to let your MLA know that you support Bill 10. The CSHC website offers a sample letter that you can send to your MLA to let that person understand that the community stands behind this decision. You can also let the school board and staff know that you support the new guidelines. On the CSHC site, there’s a link to find your school board contact.

Parents should also talk to their kids. Use the resources on Understanding the Guidelines from the CSHC site to open a dialogue. Educating yourself is the first step to creating kids who are welcoming and inclusive. You don’t need to have family members who are part of the LGBTQ community to be open and talk. As a parent leader, when you see discrimination happening in the school community, you should step up and stop it.

Students can also take a stand against the discrimination in the LGBTQ community. First, students should not use derogatory language that hurts someone. Help your student report behavior that he or she sees to the proper authorities. Sadly, bullying not only happens during the day while kids are in school, it’s moved to social media. It might be unreasonable for schools to monitor Facebook, Twitter, or Instagram, but posts can certainly be reported to the platform being used. Students should also understand that it’s okay to block bullies and unfriend other students because of their actions.

Alberta schools are working hard to make schools a safer place, but change will only happen within each individual. Use the information available to help understand why it’s so important for each child to have respect at school. Share this with your family to make a difference within your own circle. Together, we can change the attitudes around us.

The Birth of Bahá’u’lláh, A Bahai Holy Day in November

Bab Shrine in Bahai Garden, Haifa, Israel

November 14 marks one of the holy days in the Bahai calendar, the Birth of Bahá’u’lláh, the founder of their faith. Work is suspended on this day, while the Baha’is focus on their faith, worship, and family, much like Christians might on December 25 when they celebrate the birth of Jesus. Although the Baha’i faith is one of the youngest of the world’s religions, there are over five million Baha’is worldwide, with about 30,000 here in Canada.

Who Are the Baha’is?

In Persia (Iran) in 1844, the Babi religion began when the Bab announced that he had divine teachings for humanity to prepare for a greater messenger. In 1850, the Bab was executed. Just two years later, Bahá’u’lláh was arrested for his support of this movement, and later, he received the revelation that he was the chosen Messenger. He was exiled to Baghdad in 1852, and the Baha’i religion was born. Bahá’u’lláh is considered the return of Christ, the fifth Buddha, the reincarnation of the Krishna, and the Lord of Hosts that the Jews were promised.

It wasn’t until after his death that the Baha’i faith moved beyond the Middle East. In 1893, 11 years after Bahá’u’lláh died, the religion was publicly mentioned in North America for the first time. It was in 1902 when the first Canadian Baha’i group was formed in Montreal. In 1912, the son of Bahá’u’lláh arrived in Montreal as part of his North American tour. The home where he stayed is the only Baha’i shrine in the Western Hemisphere.

What Do the Baha’is Believe?

The Baha’is have a radical faith, revolving around social principles that promote and establish the oneness of humanity. All of the great religions come from the same source – God. Baha’is want:

  • Equality for women and men
  • Education for everyone
  • Harmony of science and religion working together to advance humanity
  • Abolition of poverty and wealth (financial equality)
  • A universal system of weights and measures
  • Removal of economic barriers
  • Spiritual solutions for the world’s economy
  • Human rights for everyone
  • Elimination of prejudice

In addition, the Baha’i have a strict moral code, with prohibitions against extramarital sex, gambling, drug and alcohol use, and backbiting. Interestingly, Baha’is generally do not criticize those who do not follow the faith, but they do see their laws as advantageous for all to follow. They respect the laws of the land but abstain from partisanship. They may vote in general elections, but they probably won’t run for office or accept a political appointment. However, some serve the government in administrative posts. They generally won’t participate in aggressive debate, but they do want to work with others to build a peaceful and united world.

Facets of Faith

The Baha’i faith teaches that one must constantly refine inner character and provide service to humanity to keep improving. These two actions are mutually responsive, and one acts upon the other to mold the environment where you live. It’s not just a spiritual life, but a dedicated life of infusing the world with a devotional spirit. A Baha’i should deepen his or her own knowledge of the faith and share with others.

In addition, Baha’i are taught to resist their own egos while reversing the cultural tendency that glorifies self-gratification. Whatever walk of life, the Baha’i believe in social action to promote the well-being of all. Your beliefs and backgrounds generally do not matter to them. They want social equality in knowledge, wealth, security, and health.

If you know of any individuals who celebrate the birth of Bahá’u’lláh, show them that you understand. It is their spiritual springtime, reviving their commitment to the new faith and their spiritual oneness.

How to Write an Obituary

Write an Obituary

To write an obituary for a loved one is an important responsibility. It may sometimes seem overwhelming when you are grieving, but the exercise is best accomplished with effort and care. These days, it is not uncommon for people who have written their own—or family or friends who have taken on the responsibility—to include more customized, or even quirky, information. The obituary of Ontario native Mary Catherine Finn, who died on July 19, is one such example. It contained the following passage:

“In lieu of donations, Catherine would want you to do everything possible you can to drive Stephen Harper from office, right out of the country and into the deep blue sea if possible. Also, she would like you to fix the CBC (Canadian Broadcasting Corporation).”

While expressing one’s political preferences is not necessary, there are certain details anyone reading an obituary will probably want to know.

The Basics of Writing an Obituary

Before you begin writing, be sure to confirm all requirements with any publications in which you want the obituary printed. If you are using a funeral home for the final arrangements, they may also be able to provide guidance. Big city papers are more likely to edit the length of these types of pieces due to space constraints, while smaller ones that serve more rural areas may be willing to feature longer tributes. The basic components of an obituary are:

  • Announcement of Death

Most people begin with an announcement of death. It includes the full name and age of the deceased as well as when and where they died. The wording in this section can differ; “passed away” is commonly used, others choose “died” or some other variation. A frequent question is whether or not to mention the cause of death. This is sometimes addressed by using phrases such as:

  • “She passed away peacefully at home after a long and happy life.”
  • “She went to be with the Lord after a long illness.”

If the death is sudden, and particularly if the deceased is young, it might make sense to include more details so you are not bombarded again and again about the circumstances.

  • Biographical Information

This section should include significant milestones and meaningful remembrances. Birth date and birth place, education, marriage, spouse’s name and career description are all examples. Listing every accomplishment and detail of a person’s life is not necessary or encouraged. Being selective with your words will help ensure an editor does not mercilessly whittle the piece down, as this could omit important material. If the deceased lived in Philadelphia when she was four—one of her 88 years of life—it probably doesn’t need to be mentioned. An acrimonious divorce is another detail you may want to skip. A popular way to organize this information is in chronological order, but this is not mandatory if you prefer to highlight certain parts or events.

The majority of obituaries also include a list of family members both living and deceased. Be careful to not forget anyone important, as this may cause hurt feelings.

  • Service Schedule

Your funeral director is the best resource for the service details. This information should include the time, place and address of all related events such as the visitation, funeral and interment.

  • Special Messages

It is common to include special messages in obituaries, such as:

  • “In lieu of flowers, donations may be made to xyz charity.”
  • “The family would like to thank the doctors and nurses at xyz hospital for taking such wonderful care of our mother.”
  • Picture

Submitting a picture with an obituary is a nice touch. Using a more recent picture is preferable. People may unknowingly skip over an obituary if they don’t recognize the person in the photo.

An obituary is a final tribute to a person’s life. The above information can serve as a starting point for writing something truly memorable.

Romantic Movies With a Canadian Connection

Film strip with heart motif CanadaA number of romantic movies have some tie to Canada. Whether it’s the writer, actors or landscape, Canadians and Canada have been prominently featured in many well-known films of this genre. Sometimes, movies set in the United States are actually filmed in Canada for a variety of reasons, including economics.

 

 

 

My Big Fat Greek Wedding

The 2002 hit movie My Big Fat Greek Wedding was written by Canadian Nia Vardalos and nominated for an Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay. The long awaited sequel, My Big Fat Greek Wedding 2, is currently in production and starts filming in May. The first movie tells the tale of a Greek-American woman, played by Vardalos, with a large boisterous family, who finds love in her hometown of Chicago. Vardalos has kept the plot of the second film mostly under wraps but has said it involves her character becoming a mother.

Anne of Green Gables series

Lucy Maud Montgomery’s Anne of Green Gables series is one of the most famous Canadian works of literature. It consists of six books published in the early 20th century. The romance that spans the series is between Anne Shirley and Gilbert Blythe. The two characters get off to a rocky start but eventually become friends and later marry. The first book in the series is set on Prince Edward Island. Several movies and TV shows were made from the books, and much of the filming took place in Ontario.

The Notebook

Another romantic movie with a connection to Canada is The Notebook. The film’s two stars, Rachel McAdams and Ryan Gosling, are both Canadian. They were both born in London, Ontario, and McAdams currently lives in Toronto. Written by Nicholas Sparks, the book was a New York Times bestseller that was made into a movie released in 2004. It tells the story of a young couple who share a brief summer romance but are ultimately separated by class differences (she is wealthy and he is poor) and WWII. They are later reunited. The film goes back and forth between present day and the beginning of their romance in the 1940s.

Twilight series

Stephenie Meyer’s phenomenally successful four-book Twilight series was set in Forks, Washington, just south of the Canadian border. The books were made into five movies and some scenes were filmed in Vancouver and other parts of British Columbia. The series chronicles an unlikely love story between Bella Swan and her vampire boyfriend Edward Cullen. Their relationship and its unique complications unfold throughout the novels.

Titanic

The 1997 film Titanic was an epic love story about a couple, played by Kate Winslet and Leonardo DiCaprio, who meet on the ill-fated ocean liner. She is from an aristocratic family, and he is a poor artist. They meet by accident when she considers jumping off the ship because she can’t bear the thought of marrying her wealthy, heartless fiancé. Parts of the movie were shot in Nova Scotia and British Columbia.

Juno

Juno was released in 2007 and is about an unconventional high school student who must confront an unplanned pregnancy. The movie was filmed in British Columbia and premiered at the Toronto Film Festival to rave reviews. It was nominated for four Academy Awards and won one for Best Original Screenplay.

Brokeback Mountain

Brokeback Mountain is a romantic drama set in the American West from 1963-1983. Most of the film was shot in Alberta. It is about the complex love story and relationship of two men, played by Heath Ledger and Jake Gyllenhaal. It received eight Academy Award Nominations and won three Oscars.

These seven examples are some of the best-known romantic films with a link to Canada. The Great White North has produced a number of great writers, actors and is also a popular place to film movies.

11 Fun Date Ideas for Active Couples

Hiking couple resting on rock overlooking town, rear view. date idea.There is nothing wrong with dinner and a movie, but variety is the spice of life and planning more energetic dates can be the means for enhancing your relationship. Many Canadians lead active lifestyles and spending time with your significant other doing something on the move may also help you connect at a higher level. Married and non-married couples can both benefit from these date ideas.

Warm weather

  • Hiking

Canada is a scenic country and taking a hike or a walk with your partner is an active way to spend quality time together. Sometimes having a conversation is not even necessary; just sharing the moment in a beautiful place can help strengthen your bond. Whether you enjoy mountains, oceans or urban landscapes, there are many superb hiking opportunities.

  • Biking

Biking is another suggestion for an active date. Getting your lungs pumping and legs pedaling with your partner may be the perfect choice for your relationship, and Canada has a wealth of bike trails. The western part of the country is ideal for mountain biking. There are also an abundance of top notch road biking trails from Vancouver to New Brunswick. Tandem biking can be particularly fun for couples.

  • Horseback Riding

For novices and pros alike, a horseback riding date can be a unique opportunity to spend time together. Take a guided tour or venture out on your own. If you want to up the intimacy level, ride on the same horse.

  • Tennis

A game of tennis really gets the competitive juices flowing. You can be a doubles team or face-off against your significant other.

  • Golfing

Golfing is typically a slightly less physical sport, unless you choose to walk the course rather than ride in a cart. As you move from hole to hole, there is a great opportunity to have meaningful conversations, often in a lovely setting.

Cold weather

  • Skiing

Canada has a number of famous ski resorts that are perfect places for dates. From the legendary slopes of Whistler and Banff to numerous other excellent resorts throughout the country, you are unlikely to be disappointed with the wide variety of options at your disposal. Lift rides are a great time to talk. Thrill seekers may want to try heli-skiing. Cross-country skiing is another way to get your heart pounding and enjoy some beautiful scenery. Fun après ski activities include relaxing before a fire or going for dip in a hot tub.

  • Snowshoeing

Snowshoeing is another alternative for an active date. You are often alone in the snow which adds to the romance and intimacy of the experience.

  • Ice Skating

Skating is in an important part of life for many Canadians. Zipping and twirling around the ice, or simply holding hands as you leisurely move around the rink, is a wonderful way to enjoy quality time together. Even if you fall, it can add humor to the outing. 

Indoor activities

  • Yoga

Yoga helps build flexibility, endurance, patience and it clears the mind, all of which are beneficial for relationships. Taking a yoga class together may strengthen the bond with your partner.

  • Dancing

Going to a night club, concert or party is a great opportunity to dance with your significant other. For couples getting to know each other, observing your partners’ dancing skills may provide new insight into their personality. For married couples, dancing can be a way to reconnect. Dancing lessons are also an option for this activity.

  • Bowling

Bowling is probably not the sexiest of sports, but can be very fun. Getting a group of couples together for a bowling match may be the perfect way to spend an evening.

Mixing things up by going on active dates can help keep the spark alive, no matter how long you have been with your partner. There are plenty of alternatives for every season and interest.

Canadians with Religion Are More Likely to Lie for Money

money

At the University of Regina in Canada, a study has attempted to get some data about the tricky subject of people lying, especially where there is money to gain from the lie.  One result of the study seemed to indicate that more than half the subjects were willing to lie to get a direct financial gain.  The study was set up to let the subjects remain anonymous, and involved testing whether a person would give truthful information to another person in the test, knowing a lie would likely end up delivering more money to the person who told it.

The study split volunteers into teams of two, separated them, and set up a situation where two packages worth $5 and $7 in one version, or $5 and $15 in another version of the controlled study were to be divided between the two participants.  Person A knows the amounts in the delivery, and is directed to tell the other person which is the higher amount.  Person B gets to choose which to select (presumably the higher amount).  Person A had the opportunity to be dishonest, with anonymity, and with no other impact on the study, except that lying could be counted on to be likely to return a few extra bucks to that person.

The creator of the study then connected the willingness to lie in the study for greater gain to other individual traits, which had been noted at the outset, including major area of study (the subjects were all college students), and other categories, including religion, family background, age, and some economic indicators, including student debt.  The three largest indicators of willingness to lie in the study were religious identity (those that self-identified as more religious being more likely to use deceit for financial gain, although lying is classed as a sin in the main religions represented), being a child of a divorced couple, and being a business major.

The creators of the study seemed nonplussed by the last two indicators of higher levels of willingness to be deceitful, being familiar with prior studies that supported the notion that business majors as a class were ambitious and statistically more prone to value financial gain over moral values.  Perhaps it is true, as the creator of the study postulates, that a religion that distinguishes itself as the one true faith, as most major faiths teach, creates a condition in which there are those who are inside those particular parameters of righteousness and those who are not of the flock, and perhaps for some with this worldview, it is easier to cheat a little for some extra money, as against those who are not of the same faith, even if lying is a sin in the belief system.

But for those who respect all as children of the same universe, such as the Universal Life Church teaches, the idea of damaging or harming another individual to benefit oneself would be anathema and would conflict also with the principle of doing good in the world.  This may be closer to true religion, the notion that harming one causes harm to all.